AND VEGETARIANISM BIBLIOGRAPHY
(Religions are listed
Compiled by Richard H. Schwartz and Norm Phelps
Kapleau, Philip, To
Cherish All Life: A Buddhist Case for Becoming Vegetarian, The Zen
Center, Rochester, 1981, 104 pages. This is the standard work on Buddhism
and vegetarianism by a highly respected American Zen master who studied
for 13 years in Japan and returned home to found the Rochester Zen Center.
In it, Kapleau Roshi discusses the Buddhist view of animals, the first
precept ("Do not kill"), the Buddha's diet, and other key issues. Available
from the Rochester Zen Center, 7 Arnold Park, Rochester, NY 14607-2082,
Lawrence, Kate, "Nourishing
Ourselves, Nourishing Others: How Mindful Food Choices Reduce Suffering,"
in Mindfulness in the Marketplace: Consuming with Compassion, edited
by Allan Hunt Badiner (Berkeley: Parallax Press, 2002). This recent
essay is an important advance on other discussions of Buddhism and vegetarianism,
discussing not only the first precept but the second and fifth precepts,
the idea of right livelihood, and the issue of eating an "animal killed
especially for you."
"Meat: To Eat it or
Not: A Debate on Food and Practice" in Tricycle: The Buddhist Review,
Volume IV, Number 2, Winter 1994, pg. 49. The views of ten prominent Buddhists,
ranging from the Buddha to Philip Glass, on whether Buddhism allows meat
Page, Tony, Ph.D.,
and Animals: A Buddhist Vision of Humanity's Rightful Relationship with
the Animal Kingdom, UKAVIS Publications, London, 1999, 297 pages. Relying
on extensive citations from the early scriptures of both major schools
of Buddhism, Theravada and Mahayana, Dr. Page builds an impressive case
that the Buddhadharma calls us to abandon all forms of animal exploitation.
Includes background material that will be helpful to non-Buddhists. Available
from the United Kingdom Anti-Vivisection Information Service (UKAVIS),
P.O. Box 4746, London, SE11 4XF, England.
Page, Tony, Ph.D.,
Does Buddhism Say About Animals?, UKAVIS, London, 1998, 31 pages. Intended
primarily for older children and teenagers, this booklet presents in simple,
straightforward terms the Buddhist arguments for not exploiting animals.
Available from UKAVIS.
Phelps, Norm, The
Great Compassion: Frequently Asked Questions About Buddhism and Animal
Rights, The Fund for Animals, 2002, New York. This is the second booklet
in The Fund for Animals' series, Frequently Asked Questions About Religion
and Animal Rights. Arguing that Buddhist teachings on the true nature of
reality, reincarnation, and compassion require a vegan diet and respect
for the rights of animals, Phelps answers questions such as "What does
Buddhism teach about animals?" "Did the Buddha teach Vegetarianism?" and
"Doesn't the Dalai Lama eat meat?"
Spalde, Annika and
Strindlund, Pelle, Every Creature a Word of God. Cleveland, OH:
Vegetarian Advocates Press, 2008, 162 pages. The authors show that Christianity
has a long, powerful, and inspiring history of animal protectionism. Monks,
mystics, and teachers have all recognized that each animal is a word from
God, to which we are called to respond with love and compassion. Sometimes,
Spalde and Strindlund have found out, this means risking imprisonment for
civil disobedience in order to protect God’s creatures.
as a Vegetarian Tibetan Buddhist Practitioner: A Personal View," in
Catherine Clyne, editor-in-chief, Volume VI, Issue 8, May 2000, pg. 29.
Weintraub, an American Buddhist who has studied in China and Tibet, discusses
the historical reasons why most Tibetans eat meat, and calls upon Buddhists
to adopt a vegetarian diet to "help slow the grinding wheels of samsara,
bringing to a halt the cycles of suffering of the entire animal realm .
Akers, Keith, The
Lost Religion of Jesus: Simple Living and Nonviolence in Early Christianity,
Lantern Books, New York, 2000, 260 pages. Using ancient Christian sources,
a pioneering vegetarian scholar (A Vegetarian Sourcebook, Putnam's,
1983) argues that the original teaching of Jesus was based on nonviolence,
voluntary poverty, opposition to animal sacrifice, and vegetarianism. Solidly
researched, this is one of the most important books about the "historical
Jesus" since Schweitzer published
The Quest for the Historical Jesus
a century ago. Foreword by Walter Wink.
Dear, John, S.J.,
Christianity and Vegetarianism: Pursuing the Nonviolence of Jesus, People
for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, Norfolk, VA, undated, 18 pages. An
articulate introduction to vegetarianism as Christian practice by a Roman
Catholic priest who is a longtime peace activist. Father Dear sees vegetarianism
as an essential component of a life based on the principles of nonviolence.
here for details.
and Andrew Linzey, "Was Jesus a Vegetarian?" in The Animals' Agenda,
Kim Stallwood, editor-in-chief, Volume 20, Number 1, January-February,
2000, pg. 22. Friedrich, a practicing Roman Catholic and director of vegetarian
campaigns for People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, and Linzey,
the prominent Anglican animal rights theologian, debate the issue of Jesus'
diet and its significance for Christian animal advocates.
Hyland, J.R., God's
Covenant With Animals: A Biblical Basis for the Humane Treatment of All
Creatures, Lantern Books, New York, 2000, 107 pages. A completely revised
and updated edition of Reverend Hyland's (she is an ordained evangelical
The Slaughter of Terrified Beasts (Viatoris
Ministries, 1988), with four new chapters added. Focusing primarily on
God's Covenant also deals insightfully with vegetarianism
and other issues.
Johnson, Kenneth E.,
M.D., Mormon Wisdom and Health: A Medical Review of Mormon Doctrine,
Cedar Fort, Inc, Springville, UT, 1993,
145 pages. Demonstrates
why, for reasons of health and religious doctrine, Mormons should be vegetarians.
Foreword by Neal Barnard, M.D.
Kaufman, Stephen R.,
M.D., and Nathan Braun. Good News for All Creation: Vegetarianism as
Christian Stewardship. Cleveland, OH: Vegetarian Advocates, 2002, 123
pages. This book is a primer on the reasons why many Christians have chosen
a plant-based diet, and it offers practical advice on nutrition, interacting
with family and friends, and how to be effective disciples of a nonviolent
Kinmont, Joyce, Diet
Decisions for Latter-day Saints, Archive Publishers, Grantsville, UT,
1999, 159 pages. Argues on Biblical, theological, historical, and health
grounds that Mormons are called to be vegetarians. Available from Latter
Day Saint Home Education Association, 2770 South 1000 West, Perry, UT,
84302, (no official connection to LDS church).
Linzey, Andrew, Christianity
and the Rights of Animals, Crossroad Publishing, New York, 1991, 197
pages. This is the classic presentation of a Christian theology of animal
rights. In it, Doctor Linzey, an Anglican priest who holds the chair of
Christian theology and animal welfare at Mansfield College, Oxford University,
argues that our dominion over animals gives us a "priestly function" to
nurture and protect them, which we pervert when we exploit them for our
own benefit or pleasure.
Linzey, Andrew, Animal
Theology, University of Illinois Press, Urbana, 1995, 214 pages. Reverend
Linzey argues for a "theology of generosity" according to which "the uniqueness
of humanity consists in its ability to become the servant species . . .
as co-participants and co-workers with God in the redemption of the world."
From this perspective, he provides critiques of various forms of animal
exploitation, including hunting, meat eating, vivisection, and genetic
Linzey, Andrew, Animal
Gospel, Westminster John Knox Press, Louisville, KY, 1998, 171 pages.
Less formal and more personal than Reverend Linzey's earlier books, this
is a collection of 16 essays on subjects such as "Animal rights as religious
vision," "Why church teaching perpetuates cruelty," and "Christ-like ministry
to other creatures." The first essay, "Overview: Gospel Truths About Animals,"
is an excellent introduction to animal rights as Christian practice.
Linzey, Andrew, "Christianity
and Animals," in The Way of Compassion: Survival Strategies for a World
in Crisis, Martin Rowe, editor, Stealth Technologies, New York, 1999,
page 37. A brief, but interesting, discussion of the role and status of
animals in Christianity.
Skriver, Carl Anders.
Forgotten Beginnings of Creation and Christianity (Denver: Vegetarian
Press, 1990). 175 pages. Skriver gives a vegetarian theological interpretation
to the first chapters of Genesis, discussing Adam and Eve, Cain and Abel,
and Noah. He argues that Jesus continued the vegetarian beginnings of creation
in the tradition of the prophets who protested animal sacrifices and the
vegetarian and pacifist Essenes.
D., compiler. Kindness
to Animals and Caring for the Earth: Selections from the Sermons and
Writings of Latter-Day Saint Church Leaders. Inkwater Press, Portland,
2004. This unique text contains over 200 statements and stories on
kindness to animals and caring for the earth from leaders, scholars, scientists,
astronauts, historians, and frontiersmen of The Church of Jesus Christ
of Latter-day Saints (LDS or Mormon).
Vegetarianism of Jesus Christ: The Pacifism, Communalism, and Vegetarianism
of Primitive Christianity (Three Rivers, California: Kaweah Publishing
Company, 1987). 352 pages. Vaclavik argues for Jesus' vegetarianism,
saying that Jesus was in the tradition of Jewish Pythagoreanism, and that
the early Christians also practiced communalism and pacifism.
Webb, Stephen H.,
Eating: The Bible, Diet, and the Proper Love of Animals, Brazos Press,
2001, Grand Rapids, MI, 272 pages. Webb advocates vegetarianism as a Christian
practice closely connected to fasting. Opposed to animal rights, which
he views as incompatible with Biblical and Christian teaching on the nature
of creation and humanity's place in it, he advocates vegetarianism and
compassionate treatment of animals as expressions of Christian faith and
stewardship. "The unexamined meal," he tells us, "is not worth eating."
Webb, Stephen H.,
God and Dogs: A Christian Theology of Compassion for Animals, Oxford
University Press, New York/Oxford, 1998, 222 pages. An insightful examination
by a Protestant theologian of our proper relationship to animals in the
light of Christian history and theology. Focusing primarily upon companion
animals, Webb argues against natural rights in favor of an "ethic of compassion"
that interprets "the crucifixion as the demand to end all involuntary sacrifices
. . ."
White, Ellen G. "Flesh
As Food," in The Ministry of Healing (Mountain View, California:
Pacific Press Publishing Association, 1974), p. 205-209. Ellen White is
the founder and prophet of the Seventh-day Adventist movement, and in this
short essay she outlines the ethical reasons why we should not eat meat.
Young, Richard Alan,
God a Vegetarian? Christianity, Vegetarianism, and Animal Rights, Open
Court, Chicago, 1999, 187 pages. A thorough analysis of the Bible's teachings
on vegetarianism and animal rights by a Baptist theologian. Young's conclusion
is that "The Bible neither commands nor condemns vegetarianism. It is left
as a choice. However, as we locate our story in God's story, it is difficult
to avoid the implication that vegetarianism is the best dietary choice
Masri, Al-Hafiz Basheer
Ahmad. Animals in Islam. Petersfield, England: Athene Trust, 1989.
212 pages. A detailed analysis of the Qur'an and Islam as it relates to
Ahmed, Rafeeque. Islam
and Vegetarianism. Awaiting full bibliographic details.
Key, Nonviolence to Animals, Earth, and Self in Asian Traditions,
State University of New York Press, 1993, Albany, NY, 146 pages. Chapple
traces the concept of "ahimsa," "nonviolence, harmlessness," in the Indian
religions to the pre-Aryan Indus Valley Civilization, whose writing has
yet to be deciphered. He considers Jainism, and to a lesser degree Buddhism,
to be the preservers and propagators of this lost religion. Chapple analyzes
the role of ahimsa, including nonviolence toward animals, in Jainism, Buddhism,
and Hinduism, and considers its relevence for reforming Western civilization.
Vijayji, Muni Nandibhushan,
"Non-Violence in Action," in The Way of Compassion: Survival Strategies
for a World in Crisis, Martin Rowe, editor, Stealth Technologies, 1999,
pg. 25. A Jain priest gives a brief (four pages) but clear explanation
of the Jain teaching of nonviolence toward all living beings. An excellent
introduction to the Jain teaching on animals.
Berman, Louis, Vegetarianism
and the Jewish Tradition. New York: K'tav, 1982. The book is relatively
short (the main text is only 72 pages) but it is a pioneering work that
advocates vegetarianism based on strong Jewish mandates related to health,
compassion for animals, and sharing with hungry people.
Bleich, Rabbi J. David,
"Vegetarianism and Judaism," Tradition, Vol. 23, No. 1 (Summer, 1987).
This article can also be found in Bleich, Rabbi J. David, Contemporary
Halakhic Problems. Volume III. New York: Ktav, 1989, 237-250b. This
noted Torah scholar and professor at Yeshiva University, a critic of vegetarian
activism, concedes that "Jewish tradition does not command carnivorous
behavior" and that meat "may be eschewed when there is not desire and a
fortiori, when it is found to be repugnant."
Cohen, Rabbi Alfred,
"Vegetarianism From a Jewish Perspective," Journal of Halacha and Contemporary
Society, Vol. I, No. II (Fall, 1981). This article can also be found
in Kalechofsky, Roberta, Judaism and Animal Rights: Classical and Contemporary
Responses. Marblehead, Massachusetts: Micah Publications, 1992, 176-194.
Important, comprehensive article by an Orthodox scholar; while taking a
somewhat equivocal position toward ethical vegetarianism, Rabbi Alfred
Cohen provides sources that show that Jews need not eat meat at any time.
Cohen, Noah J., Tsa'ar
Ba'alei Chayim - The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Its Bases, Development,
and Legislation in Hebrew Literature. New York: Feldheim, 1979. Thorough
survey of the laws and lore relating to animals and their treatment in
the Jewish tradition.
Contains many applications
of tsa'ar ba'alei chayim, the Torah mandate to avoid causing any unnecessary
pain to animals. It also contains a defense of "shechitah" - the Torah's
method of ritual slaughter.
Green, Joe, The
Jewish Vegetarian Tradition. South Africa: 1969. Fine discussion of
many aspects in the Jewish tradition, such as compassion for animals, which
point toward vegetarianism as a Jewish ideal.
Green, Joe. "Chalutzim
of the Messiah -- The Religious Vegetarian Concept as Expounded by Rabbi
Abraham Isaac HaKohen Kook" (text of a lecture given in Johannesburg, South
Africa). Outline of some of Rav Kook's vegetarian teachings.
Judaism. Marblehead, Massachusetts: Micah Publications, 1998. Updated,
comprehensive analysis of reasons Jews should adopt vegetarianism. Has
extensive coverage of several recent vegetarian-related issues, including
mad-cow disease, genetically modified foods, and antibiotics in animal
editor. Rabbis and Vegetarianism: An Evolving Tradition. Marblehead,
Massachusetts: Micah Publications, 1995. The 17 rabbis with articles in
the anthology are a varied group: Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, and Reconstructionist;
male and female; modern and from previous generations; recent converts
to vegetarianism as well as long-time proponents.
Boy, A Chicken, and The Lion of Judea - How Ari Became a Vegetarian.
Marblehead, Massachusetts: Micah Publications, 1995. How a Jewish boy in
Israel overcomes family and peer-pressure to "take charge of his stomach."
and the Jewish Holidays. Marblehead, Massachusetts: Micah Publications,
1993. (Green Mitzvah Booklet) Questions and answers about vegetarian connections
to Jewish festivals. Recipes are included.
editor. Judaism and Animals Rights: Classical and Contemporary Responses.
Marblehead, Massachusetts: Micah Publications,1992. A wide varieties of
articles on animal rights, vegetarianism, animal experimentation, from
the perspective of Judaism.
For the Vegetarian Family. Marblehead, Massachusetts, Micah Publications,
1988. Good material for the Passover Seder for families with children.
for the Liberated Lamb. Marblehead, Massachusetts: Micah Publications,
1985. Resource material for conducting a vegetarian Passover seder, with
Kook, Rabbi Abraham
Isaac HaKohen, A Vision of Vegetarianism and Peace (Hebrew). This
includes an English translation, an introduction, and a summary by Rabbi
Jonathan Rubenstein. The vegetarian philosophy of this great Jewish leader
and thinker who was Chief Rabbi of pre-state Israel.
Kook, Rabbi Abraham
Isaac HaKohen, "Fragments of Light: A View as to the Reasons for the Commandments,"
in Abraham Isaac Kook, Collected Works, edited and translated by
Ben Zion Bokser, New York; Paulist Press, 1978. A summary of Rav Kook's
thoughts on vegetarianism.
Pick, Philip, ed.,
Tree of Life: An Anthology of Articles Appearing in The Jewish Vegetarian,
1966-1974. New York: A. S. Barnes, 1977. A wide variety of essays and
editorials from the Jewish Vegetarian on many aspects of the relationship
between Judaism and vegetarianism.
Raisin, Jacob A.,
of the Laws of Israel: Kindness to Animals. Jewish Tract 06, Cincinnati,
Ohio: Union of American Hebrew Congregations. Concise summary of laws in
the Jewish tradition relating to kindness to animals.
Schochet, Rabbi Elijah
J., Animal Life in Jewish Tradition. New York: K'tav, 1984. Thorough,
well-documented consideration of all aspects of animal issues, from a traditional
perspective by a Conservative pulpit rabbi and scholar.
H., Judaism and Vegetarianism. New York: Lantern, 2001, updated
and revised version of book that argues that the realities of animal-based
diets and modern intensive animal-based agriculture violate Jewish mandates
to preserve health, treat animals compassionately, protect the environment,
conserve natural resources, help hungry people, and pursue peace. Many
questions commonly asked of Jewish vegetarians are addressed.
H., Judaism and Animal Issues. Marblehead, Massachusetts: Micah
Publications, 1993. (Green Mitzvah Booklet), questions and answers on Jewish
teachings about animals.
H., Judaism, Health, Nutrition, and Vegetarianism. Marblehead, Massachusetts:
Micah Publications,1993. (Green Mitzvah Booklet), addresses Jewish and
general health and nutrition issues in a question and answer form.
Sears, Rabbi David,
Vision of Eden: Animal Welfare and Vegetarianism in Jewish Law and Mysticism.
Spring Valley, New York: Orot, 2003. This book is the most comprehensive
collection of translations from original source texts in English thus far,
combining Talmudic, Kabbalistic, and Chassidic erudition with up-to-date
information about animal welfare issues, and the impact of diet on human
health and the environment. Also includes six insightful chapter
essays. It is now published by Orot. The author is a Breslov
Chassid who is also the author of Compassion for Humanity in the Jewish
Tradition (Jason Aronson 1998). You can view his own web site
Adams, Carol J., The
Inner Art of Vegetarianism: Spiritual Practicesfor Body and Soul.
Lantern Books, 2000, New York, 176 pages. The pioneering ecofeminist
philosopher presents vegetarianism as "a living ahimsa," that "acknowledges
the interconnectedness of all beings and enacts compassion toward them."
he also urges activists who may be at risk of burnout to adopt a spiritual
practice such as meditation or journaling, and provides practical, nonsectarian
advice on getting started. The companion volumes "The Inner Art of Vegetarianism
Workbook" and "Meditations on the Inner Art of Vegetarianism," also from
Lantern Books, complete the Inner Art trilogy.
Berry, Rynn, Food
for the Gods: Vegetarianism and the World's Religions, Pythagorean
Publishers, New York, 1998, 374 pages. Thoughtful and informative essays
by a prominent vegetarian scholar on vegetarianism and nine major religious
traditions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism.
Each essay is paired with an interview with a vegetarian representative
of that tradition.
Berry, Rynn, Famous
Vegetarians and their Favorite Recipes: Lives and Lore from Buddha to the
Beatles, Pythagorean Publishers, New York, 1999 (revised edition),
281 pages. Biographical sketches of 33 famous vegetarians, including religious
figures such as the Buddha, Lord Mahavira, Jesus, Leo Tolstoy, and Mahatma
Gandhi. Each biography is followed by vegetarian recipes enjoyed by the
subject or (in some historical instances) known to have been popular in
Carman, Judy, Peace to All Beings: Veggie Soup for the Chicken's Soul, Lantern Books, New York, 2003, 280 pages. All Beings draws inspiration from a variety of spiritual and religious traditions. Includes an excellent collection of prayers and blessings and a well-written narrative by an author who believes that "Our destiny is to
become Homo Ahimsa. www.peacetoallbeings.com/
Carse, James, "Memoirs
of a Flyfisherman," in The Way of Compassion: Survival Strategies for
a World in Crisis, Martin Rowe, editor, Stealth Technologies, New York,
1999, pg. 9. Carse, a Professor of Religion at New York University, discusses
the ways that we become desensitized to the truth that animals, including
fish, are sentient "creatures of God." He calls upon us not to lose our
sense of "the mystery of their being."
Free, Ann Cottrell,
editor, Animals, Nature, and Albert Schweitzer, Flying Fox Press,
Washington, D.C., 1988, 83 pages. Quotations from the advocate of "reverence
for life," organized by subject and including sensitive and informative
commentary by the editor.
Kasten, Deborah. Feeding
the Body, Nourishing the Soul. Berkeley, California: Conari Press,
1997. Discussions of spiritual values of the world's religions and traditions
related to foods.
Kowalski, Gary, The
Souls of Animals, Stillpoint Publishing, Walpole, NH, 1991, 114 pages.
A Unitarian-Universalist minister examines questions such as "Are animals
aware of death?" "Do animals know right from wrong?" and "Are Animals conscious
of themselves?" He concludes that "Animals, like us, are living souls.
They are not things. They are not objects . . . With us they share the
gifts of consciousness and life."
Kowalski, Gary, The
Bible According to Noah: Theology as if Animals Mattered, Lantern Books,
New York, 2001, 122 pages. Each chapter opens with a passage from the Bible,
such as the creation story or the story of Noah, followed by a discussion
of the issues which the story raises regarding our relationship to animals,
and then concludes with a retelling of the scriptural passage modified
to incorporate insights from the discussion.
Murti, Vasu, They
Shall Not Hurt or Destroy: Moral and Theological Objections to the Human
Exploitation of Nonhuman Animals, Vasu Murti, Oakland, CA, undated,
199 pages. Primarily an extensive survey of Biblical and Christian teaching
in defense of animals. Also includes chapters on ancient Greece, Islam,
and Baha'i. An outstanding sourcebook. Available from Vasu Murti, 30 Villanova
Lane, Oakland, CA, 94611 and online through PETA's JesusVeg.com
Phelps, Norm, "Why
the Animals Need Religion," in The Animals' Agenda, Kim Stallwood,
editor-in-chief, September/October, 1999, pg. 42. The Fund for Animals'
spiritual outreach director argues that in order to succeed the animal
protection movement must reach out proactively to organized religion.
Phelps, Norm, Love
for All Creatures: Frequently Asked Questions about the Bible and Animal
Rights, The Fund for Animals, New York, 2001, 27 pages. Phelps provides
concise and credible answers to questions like "Didn't God give us dominion
over animals?" "Didn't God give humanity permission to use animals for
food?" "Weren't Jesus' disciples fishers" and "Didn't Saint Paul say that
Christians who are vegetarians have 'weak faith?'" Cites both Jewish and
Christian authorities and scholars.
Phelps, Norm, The
Dominion of Love: Animal Rights According to the Bible, Lantern Books,
New York, 2002. Takes a three-pronged approach by: 1) showing that animal
rights flow naturally from the Bible's message of love and compassion;
2) examining the Bible's most important passages dealing with our relationship
to animals; and 3) responding to defenses of animal exploitation that are
often made on the basis of the Bible. Includes an extensive index of Biblical
passages relating to animals.
Randour, Mary Lou,
Grace: Entering a Spiritual Relationship with Our Fellow Creatures,
New World Library, Novato, CA, 2000, 167 pages. In this elegant meditation
on the inter-relatedness of our spiritual development and our relationship
with animals, Dr. Randour, a professional psychologist, draws on both Eastern
and Western spiritual traditions.
G., Replenish the Earth: A History of Organized Religion's Treatment
of Animals and Nature - Including the Bible's Message of Conservation and
Kindness toward Animals, The Crossroad Publishing Company, New York,
1991, 304 pages. An accessibly written survey from Genesis to 1990 by an
environmental and animal protection activist. The main emphasis is
on Christianity, but there is a long chapter on Judaism and shorter chapters
on Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Islam, and Baha'i.
Rosen, Steven, Diet
for Transcendence: Vegetarianism and the World Religions, Torchlight
Publishing, Badger, CA, 1997, 135 pages. A highly readable survey of vegetarianism
and animal protection in the teachings of Christianity, Judaism, Islam,
Zoroastrianism, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Hinduism by a vegetarian
scholar with a strong background in both Eastern and Western religions.
Originally published in 1987 by Bala Books as Food for the Spirit.
Walters, Kerry S.
and Lisa Portness, Religious Vegetarianism: From Hesiod to the Dalai
Lama, State University of New York Press, Albany, 2001, 203 pages.
Excerpts from writings on vegetarianism as spiritual practice from Orphism/Pythagoreanism,
Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.